Close enough to reach out and touch…
Beyoğlu is located in the heart of Istanbul and is home to Taksim Square, which is a transportation hub for the whole city. You can quickly and easily reach all the historical sites in Istanbul from Taksim.
Here is a small guide for you to take a look at so that you can stroll easily on this land that has nestled many civilizations, religions and communities throughout the years Before Christ until present time.
Topkapı Palace constructed by Fatih Sultan Mehmet, (the Conqueror) in 1478 has been the official residence of the Otoman Sultans and center of State Administration around 380 years until the construction of Dolmabahçe Palace by Sultan Abdülmecid. The palace having around 700.000 m2 area during the foundation years has currently 80.000 m2 area.
Ayasofya is a former patriarchal basilica, later a mosque, now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey. Famous in particular for its massive dome, it is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture.
One of the most famous monuments of Turkish and Islamic art, the mosque is visited by all who come to Istanbul and gains their admiration.
Built between 1609-1616, the mosque used to be part of a large complex, including a covered bazaar, Turkish baths, public kitchens, a hospital, schools, a caravanserai, and the mausoleum of Sultan Ahmet. Some of these social and cultural buildings have not survived to our day.
The Grand Bazaar in Istanbul is one of the largest covered markets in the world with more than 58 streets and 6,000 shops, and has between 250,000 and 400,000 visitors daily. It is well known for its jewelry, pottery, spice, and carpet shops.
The Istanbul Archaeology Museums (Turkish: İstanbul Arkeoloji Müzesi) is an archeological museum, located in the Eminönü district of Istanbul, Turkey, near Gülhane Park and Topkapı Palace.
The Istanbul Archaeology Museum consists of three museums.
- Archaeological Museum (main building),
- Museum of the Ancient Orient
- Museum of Islamic Art (Tiled Kiosk).
It houses over one million objects that represent almost all of the eras and civilizations in world history.
Its entrance is in the small building to the west of Ayasofya square. It was built in the I. Justinian period (527-565) to provide water to the palaces in the vicinity. As Ottomans did not consider stationary water pure, they did not protect the cisterns and hence used them for irrigation of the fields.
When you take the Klodfarer Street while walking around in Divanyolu Street, you will reach a small area heading towards Courthouse. The entrance of Binbirdirek Cistern is here. The cistern of Magnificent Constantine has a height of 20 meters and has 224 pillars. Yerebatan cistern being the largest it is the second largest cistern of Istanbul. Small shops, cafeterias, exhibition areas and the central hollow part, in which you can see the original dimensions of pillars, were all built during restoration.
Spice (Egyptian) Bazaar is located to the back of New Mosque and to the side of Flower Bazaar in Eminönü. Spice (Egyptian] Bazaar, which is one of the oldest of closed bazaars in Istanbul, was built in 1660 by Turhan Sultan. In the Bazaar traditional products such as natural medications, spices, seeds of flowers, rare herbs and various food products such as dried fruits and delicatessen are sold. The bazaar is closed on Sundays.
This garden, which you may reach passing from the garden of office of mufti, belongs to University of Istanbul. You may see an ample variety of plants that you have never seen before. You may buy some of them.
You may reach the tower if you take the road from Bankalar Street or Şişhane. The tower was built by Genoese in 1349 as the main tower of the city walls encircling Galata. There are many rumors about how it was built. The tower, which was initially named as the Tower of Jesus Christ, was used as observatory and prison in the Ottomans period. The upper two floors of the tower, which is climbed with the aid of an elevator, were organized as restaurants and night club. The view of Istanbul from restaurants, night club or panorama terrace is a sight to be seen.
Çemberlitaş Hamam is one of the oldest and best preserved examples of the world-famous Turkish tradition of bathhouses. Constructed in 1584, this unique bathhouse was designed by Sinan, who is considered to be one of history’s greatest architects. Çemberlitaş Hamam, the oldest establishment in Turkey that is still open for business, offers you a wide range of options including a classic bath, massage, suds bath or skin care.
The Chora Church (Turkish Kariye Müzesi, Kariye Camii, or Kariye Kilisesi — the Chora Museum, Mosque or Church) is considered to be one of the most beautiful examples of a Byzantine church. The church is situated in the western, Edirnekapı district of Istanbul. In the 16th century, the church was converted into a mosque by the Ottoman rulers, and it became a secularised museum in 1948. The interior of the building is covered with fine mosaics and frescoes.
Nişantaşı is a quarter of Istanbul, Turkey, comprising neighbourhoods like Teşvikiye, Osmanbey, Maçka and Pangaltı. It includes the stores of world famous brands and has many popular cafés, pubs, restaurants and night clubs.
Istiklal Avenue (Turkish: İstiklal Caddesi, Greek: Μεγάλη Οδός του Πέραν, French: Grand Rue de Pera, English: Independence Avenue) is one of the most famous avenues in Istanbul, Turkey, visited by nearly 3 million people in a single day over the course of weekends. Located in the historic Beyoğlu district, it is an elegant pedestrian street, approximately three kilometers long, which houses exquisite boutiques, music stores, bookstores, art galleries, cinemas, theaters, libraries, cafés, pubs, night clubs with live music, historical patisseries, chocolateries and restaurants.